An apparent relocation of wild horses to Oregon’s Malheur National Forest has upset ranchers who say the area is already overstocked with the animals.
Rancher Mike Moore said he encountered a Forest Service vehicle pulling a trailer on Dec. 14 in the Murderers Creek allotment of the national forest, which is an unusual sight, especially during winter.
Responding to questions, Moore said, the Forest Service employee driving the vehicle admitted the trailer contained several wild horses gathered from the neighboring Ochoco National Forest that were to be released in the area.
“I just think this is wrong. You can’t be taking horses from one forest to another, that isn’t right,” he said. “We’ve got too many horses and they’re not helping by bringing more horses from another forest to this forest.”
Representatives of the Malheur National Forest said they’re coordinating with the Ochoco National Forest to understand why some horses were returned to the Murderers Creek allotment from the neighboring national forest and would soon issue a statement about the situation.
Wild horses are a contentious subject in the Malheur National Forest, where ranchers say the animals trample stream banks to the detriment of federally-protected fish, preventing cattle from being allowed to graze on affected allotments.
The maximum “appropriate management level” for the Murderers Creek herd management area is 140 wild horses, whereas the most recent estimate for the actual population is 339 horses.
Loren Stout, a rancher who grazes cattle on the Murderers Creek allotment, said the actual population is probably more than 500 horses.
Stout said he’s doubtful of the Forest Service’s explanation of the incident, which he believes is illegal and in violation of a 2013 settlement agreement in which the agency agreed to reduce the wild horse population in the area.
“Why they did it, I have no idea,” Stout said. “It’s unbelievable, especially after going through a lawsuit.”
Moore said he’s likewise skeptical of the explanation that the horses were being returned after venturing off the Malheur National Forest.
“There’s a lot going on here that doesn’t make a lot of sense,” he said. “I think they’re in damage control right now.”
After Stout filed a lawsuit alleging the Forest Service had violated the Endangered Species Act, a federal judge agreed that the agency had failed to consult about the impacts of wild horses on threatened steelhead.
The judge dismissed several other claims made by Stout and the parties reached a settlement deal under which the agency agreed to lower the horse population to about 50-60 horses by 2016.
The Dec. 14 incident is just the latest example of the Forest Service violating the settlement, Stout said. “They couldn’t wait to break the agreement.”
Gayle Hunt, founder of the Central Oregon Wild Horse Coalition, said it would be legal for the Forest Service to return wild horses to their place of origin, but not to transfer horses from another area into a national forest.
“What’s in question here is whether these were Murderers Creek horses,” she said.
The U.S. Bureau of Land Management, which oversees wild horses, has an “excellent” database of DNA from the Murderers Creek herd, which could confirm whether the animals originated from that area through hair and fecal samples, Hunt said.
“If that was not done, there’s a problem,” she said.