I didn’t want to tell a lie in front of the pastor. But I had a 10-pound hatchery steelhead and I didn’t feel like blabbing to this guy about where it came from.

My pastor wanted to go steelhead fishing and we picked a Monday morning. To get to one of my favorite pieces of river, I had to walk past a trout lake.

This lake was stocked a half a dozen times in spring and summer and sometimes the Department of Fish and Wildlife would put surplus summer-runs in it.

Coming back from the river, I carried my 10-pound spinner-caught prize past the end of the lake. At that moment, a fisherman, spinning rod and worm carton in hand, appeared in our path.

“That’s a huge trout,” the angler gaped. “Did you get THAT in the lake?”


Bald-faced lie.

“Where did you catch it?”

“Right there at the end of the lake,” I said.

Bald-faced lie number two.

We walked on, the pastor and I, and after a suitable space had been put between us and the fisherman, he said, “I guess sometimes you have to lie.”


In fact, I could have caught that steelhead in the lake because that lake was, and still is, one of the spots where the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) deposits surplus fish they don’t need for spawning purposes. On any given day a trout fisherman with a jar of bait or a worm could luck into a steelhead.

Wherever fish and wildlife agencies artificially spawn steelhead, there is likely to be a surplus of sea-run rainbows. And when that happens, the fish have to go somewhere.

In some cases, steelhead are picked up and trucked back downriver for another trip past the fishermen. Another option is local food banks. Sometimes surplus fish end up going into a big hole in the ground to feed the worms. The highest use might be to give anglers one more chance. That’s why ocean-going steelhead (and sometimes salmon) end up in lakes and ponds.

Where and when for recycled steelhead

East of the Cascades, summer-run steelhead show up in big numbers starting in October. When there is a large run, there can be a lot of surplus fish.

Ron Harrod, the manager at ODFW’s Wallowa fish hatchery, said there is usually a fair number of excess fish for the wild stock program.

“We’ll get 1,500 to 4,000 back and we only need a couple hundred pair,” Harrod said. “We try to give the local folks another angling opportunity.”

To distinguish between river-caught and pond-caught steelhead, Harrod directs staff to sort the fish for wire codes (won’t be recycled) and double-punch the gills to mark the recycles, which allows a game enforcement officer to quickly tell the difference.

Harrod said at first the steelhead roam the pond, seeking inlets and deeper water. Anglers do best, Harrod said, on flies, spinners and bobber and jig.

Justin Herold, a fisheries technician in Enterprise, said that fish from the Big Canyon facility often end up in Roulet Pond near Elgin and also in Weaver Pond (aka Wallowa Wildlife Pond). Surplus steelhead that return back to Enterprise are recycled to Marr Pond.

Peach Pond in Ladd Marsh is another potential steelhead fishery if surplus numbers are high. March and April are the best timing for these Eastern Oregon waters.


Gary Lewis is host of Frontier Unlimited and is the author of John Nosler Going Ballistic and other titles. To contact Gary, visit www.garylewisoutdoors.com.

Recommended for you

(0) comments

Welcome to the discussion.

Keep it Clean. Please avoid obscene, vulgar, lewd, racist or sexually-oriented language.
Don't Threaten. Threats of harming another person will not be tolerated.
Be Truthful. Don't knowingly lie about anyone or anything.
Be Nice. No racism, sexism or any sort of -ism that is degrading to another person.
Be Proactive. Use the 'Report' link on each comment to let us know of abusive posts.
Share with Us. We'd love to hear eyewitness accounts, the history behind an article.